Framework for a set of e- government core indicators

Framework for a set of e- government core indicators

IFAD works continuously to improve its effectiveness in order to deliver the strongest results for the millions of poor rural men and women in developing countries we aim to reach.

We judge ourselves by whether our development results are inclusive and provide benefits that are sustainable and cost-effective. This enables IFAD to constantly improve the way in which it designs development projects, monitors progress, and measures results and impact.

Top-quality project design is a fundamental building block for impact in the countries where IFAD works. Bringing about effective development requires backing projects that are likely to be successful in achieving development objectives doing the right things and designing individual projects that are geared towards meeting intended objectives doing things right.

Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)

Doing the right things requires a country strategy a result-based country strategic opportunities programme or a country strategy note that carefully assesses the rural development situation and outlines the scope for interventions that match government and IFAD priorities in promoting rural development.

Doing things right requires ensuring that individual projects are designed and implemented to have the highest likelihood of effectively bringing about development. To be effective, interventions need to be designed to address a development problem. Failure to do so means that investments are not targeting a fundamental reason for underdevelopment.

Adequately addressing a development problem requires analysing the underlying causes of that problem, and proposing a solution that provides evidence and a clear logic — a theory of change — of what has been shown to be successful in overcoming the identified constraints. IFAD constantly monitors the progress of its investment projects against established objectives and indicators. Development effectiveness requires that data collection systems are sufficiently planned at design and implemented along with the project to ensure that information on the success and limitations of projects is adequately collected.

A set of Core Indicators CIs have been adopted to help us more accurately assess project results. Status and supervision reports provide data for measuring and monitoring project performance during implementation, with results at output and outcome level being regularly measured and reported.

Project completion reports self-assess performance and results at the end of a project. The ORMS is a key part of the effort to streamline project cycle processes and enhance data analytics.

IFAD has developed a three-pronged, innovative approach that addresses these local capacity challenges at different levels. By aggregating the impact estimates from a critical mass of project-level impact assessments representing 15 per cent of IFAD's portfolio in every three-year replenishment cycle, and projecting them to all projects implemented within the same period, IFAD is able to measure its overall impact at corporate level.

This is a unique approach among international organizations which allows IFAD to effectively communicate its results and contributions to achieving the SDGs. It is IFAD's principal external accountability tool and allows us to monitor the effectiveness of our work. Development effectiveness. Managing for results IFAD works continuously to improve its effectiveness in order to deliver the strongest results for the millions of poor rural men and women in developing countries we aim to reach.

Designing for results Top-quality project design is a fundamental building block for impact in the countries where IFAD works. Monitoring progress IFAD constantly monitors the progress of its investment projects against established objectives and indicators.Environmental indicators are simple measures that tell us what is happening in the environment.

Since the environment is very complex, indicators provide a more practical and economical way to track the state of the environment than if we attempted to record every possible variable in the environment. For example, concentrations of ozone depleting substances ODS in the atmosphere, tracked over time, is a good indicator with respect to the environmental issue of stratospheric ozone depletion.

Indicators are developed based on quantitative measurements or statistics of environmental condition that are tracked over time. Environmental indicators can be developed and used at a wide variety of geographic scales, from local to regional to national levels. Environmental indicator criteria and frameworks have been used to help in their selection and presentation. It can be considered, for example, that there are major subsets of environmental indicators in-line with the Pressure-State-Response model developed by the OECD.

One subset of environmental indicators is the collection of ecological indicators which can include physical, biological and chemical measures such as atmospheric temperaturethe concentration of ozone in the stratosphere or the number of breeding bird pairs in an area.

A second subset is the collection of indicators that measure human activities or anthropogenic pressures, such as greenhouse gas emissions.

Finally, there are indicators, such as the number of people serviced by sewage treatmentwhich track societal responses to environmental issues. Environmental indicators, in turn, should be considered as a subset of sustainable development indicators which are meant to track the overall sustainability of a society with respect to its environmental, social and economic integrity and health.

Drivers and pressures are indicators of the human activities and resulting pressures on the environment in the form of pollution or land-use change, for example. State and impact indicators are the resulting conditions in the environment and the implications for the health of ecosystems and humans. The response indicators measure the reaction of human society to the environmental issue. Environmental indicators are used by governments, non-government organizations, community groups and research institutions to see if environmental objectives are being met, to communicate the state of the environment to the general public and decision makers and as a diagnostic tool through detecting trends in the environment.

Environmental indicators can be measured and reported at different scales. For example, a town may track air quality along with water quality and count the number of rare species of birds to estimate the health of the environment in their area. Indicators are developed for specific ecosystems, such as the Great-Lakes in North America. Some have attempted to monitor and assess the state of the planet using indicators. Lester Brown of the Earth Policy Institutehas said: —.

Environmental indicators are also used by companies in the framework of an Environmental management system. The EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme provides core indicators or Performance Indicator KPIs with which registered organizations can measure their environmental performance and monitor their continual environmental improvement against set targets.

The types of indicators selected or developed should be partially based on who will be using the information from the indicators. There are generally three possible audiences to consider, each with different information needs. These audiences are: 1 technical experts and science advisors, 2 policy-makers, decision makers and resource managers, and 3 general public and media.Associate professor of epidemiology and biostatistics and of family and community medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, California.

The authors describe a conceptual framework for implementation and dissemination science IDS and propose competencies for IDS training. Their framework is designed to facilitate the application of theories and methods from the distinct domains of clinical disciplines e. The authors propose seven domains for IDS training--team science, context identification, literature identification and assessment, community engagement, intervention design and research implementation, evaluation of effect of translational activity, behavioral change communication strategies--and define twelve IDS training competencies within these domains.

As a model, they describe specific courses introduced at the University of California, San Francisco, which they designed to develop these competencies. The authors encourage other training programs and institutions to use or adapt the design principles, conceptual framework, And proposed competencies to evaluate their current IDS training needs and to support new program development.

Translation of medical evidence into practice, policy, and public health improvements refers to the widespread dissemination and adoption of interventions that can have a significant effect on health. Although most interventions designed to improve population health target individuals, access to and delivery of these interventions depends on communities, health care delivery systems HCDShealth care professionals, and government agencies.

Effective translation has been slow and inconsistent across the spectrum of HCDS and communities in the United States, 1 — 4 and such inconsistencies contribute to the current state of variable and suboptimal population health. HCDS, challenges with translation are perhaps best exemplified by the finding that dissemination of practice guidelines rarely changes practice.

Researchers trained in implementation and dissemination science IDS are needed to facilitate the translation of evidence into practice.

These sets of actors collaboratively shape the reach, relevance, uptake, and diffusion of interventions. During the past 30 years, clinical research has been redefined by the application of epidemiology and biostatistics theory and methods to biological, clinical, and population health sciences.

This transformation has led to new approaches, methods, and training programs, which have yielded a generation of investigators specializing in relatively new fields such as clinical trials, clinical and social epidemiology, and evidence-based medicine. Recent mandates from stakeholder organizations e. To help inform institutional efforts to develop and expand IDS research skills training for health care professionals, we propose in this article a conceptual framework that defines, organizes, and guides specific translational activities.

Using this framework, we propose seven domains comprising twelve core competencies for IDS researchers. Finally, we describe the series of IDS-specific courses at the University of California, San Francisco UCSF that has evolved from this conceptual framework and supports the attainment of these core competencies. The goals and methods of IDS research are distinct from those of conventional clinical research. The IDS approach to improving health care safety, efficiency, equitability, and patient-centeredness focuses on care structures and processes, and it requires sustained engagement with the individuals, communities, and organizations targeted by health interventions.

Interdisciplinary nature of implementation and dissemination science IDS. This Venn diagram emphasizes the need for training in IDS research to integrate translational disciplines as represented by social and behavioral sciences, business administration, economics, education and engineering with clinical disciplines and population sciences. This integration distinguishes IDS research training programs from traditional clinical research training programs.

Given that IDS goals for translating research findings into practice lie at the intersection of a variety of disciplines, it is not feasible for implementation scientists to be expert in all of the relevant theories and methods. This is why successful IDS research draws upon multidisciplinary teams—team science is critical for effective implementation of health care improvement strategies.

As a result, IDS training programs--which should include trainees from a wide variety of educational and professional backgrounds--will benefit from an interdisciplinary model for teaching and curriculum development. There is a growing body of research demonstrating the advantages of incorporating interdisciplinary approaches such as team science into training programs. For example, Nair and Finucane 15 found that seasoned and early-career researchers who have been trained in interdisciplinary graduate programs are capable of consistently bridging the knowledge and methods of different disciplines and of more effectively tailoring their investigations to local circumstances.

Below, we describe each of the three design principles and related aspects of the conceptual framework. For example, Shortell and Kaluzney 16 have defined some of the theoretical constructs and translational tools that pertain to organizational behavior change among HCDS.

Glanz and colleagues 17 have compiled a similar body of knowledge related to behavior change among individuals and social groups including patients and clinicians.Sixteen training modules for teaching core skills. Learn more. Your contribution can help change lives.

Donate now. Skip to main content. Toggle navigation Navigation. Developing a Framework or Model of Change. This toolkit helps in developing a picture of the pathway from activities to intended outcomes. Outline Examples.

Describe the intended uses of your framework or model of change: To convey the purpose and direction of your initiative or effort i.

framework for a set of e- government core indicators

Mission - provide your group's mission statement. It should communicate: What the group is going to do e.

These should include behavioral changes and related community-level outcomes. State your assumptions and hypotheses regarding the personal and environmental factors contributing to the problem or goal. Discover these using multiple strategies: Forward logic But why? What brought it about?

framework for a set of e- government core indicators

What maintains it? Reverse logic But how? Identify what personal factors e. Include: Purpose or mission - what the group is going to do and why Context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists and which may affect the outcome e. Include: An expected time sequence what occurs before what to arrange the components and elements of the framework or model. Arrows or other methods to communicate directions of influence and sequences of events.The rapid scale up of the response has been accompanied by an increasing emphasis on measurable indicators and results.

These include programme monitoring data, behavioural and biological trends data and evaluation of programmes. The increasing demands on country monitoring and evaluation systems can only be met if better systems are built and supported.

A major part of the interventions and programmes against AIDS take place in the health sector. In addition, WHO is facilitating the collection of data on specific indicators of the health sector response at the country level.

The guidelines have been developed in close collaboration with other international agencies and organizations, and major donors with strong country inputs. The focus is on national level monitoring. Ina guide for national programmes was developed with a set of core and additional indicators for 14 programme areas.

Basic Monitoring and Evaluation Concepts

One measure of progress towards achieving the UNGASS goals is the percentage of people living in low and middle income countries who have access to key prevention and care services. WHO coordinated an assessment of the coverage of several key health services in 70 countries. The results serve as a baseline against which future progress can be measured.

Using service statistics and expert assessment, the coverage was found to be low in most countries for voluntary counselling and testing, the prevention of mother to child transmission, antiretroviral therapy and prophylaxis for opportunistic infections.

The situation was much better for blood screening and application of the directly observed short course DOTS strategy for tuberculosis control, as these services are widely available in many countries. The coverage survey will be repeated in Health Topics. Year of the Nurse and the Midwife About Us. Skip to main content. Back to top Guidelines and Tools. More information update. More information Providing a framework for partnership and action.

Strategic Information Events Archive More information. Databases More information. More information. The Current State of the Epidemic More information. Software More information.Explore contributions, investments and results in our fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria around the world. Each module is broken down into individual interventions, the associated budget and the indicators against which the program progress is to be measured.

This is translated into a performance framework at the funding request stage and, after further negotiations during the grant-making stage, forms a part of the grant agreement. The performance framework sets out what the grant is intended to achieve, how it should be measured, and the targets to be reached along the way.

The Global Fund offers a set of guidance materials on individual elements of the monitoring and evaluation framework, including:. The Global Fund asks implementers to select their program indicators from a core list of indicators created with our partners.

framework for a set of e- government core indicators

These indicators are drawn from the latest technical guidance and are based on commonly used measures, in order to promote a common understanding of monitoring and evaluation and to reduce the reporting burden for countries. These indicators are included in the Modular Framework Handbook. They include impact, outcome and coverage indicators at the national level. Implementers may also find it useful to review the indicator guidance sheets for more detailed information to assist with data collections and reporting on the HIV, TB and malaria indicators outlined in the handbook.

A monitoring and evaluation plan sets out how implementers intend to collect, collate, analyze and report on the data resulting from programs. The monitoring and evaluation plan will contain detailed information on:. The monitoring and evaluation plan should also include and budget for activities to strengthen the national monitoring and evaluation system. Historically, the Global Fund has encouraged countries to dedicate between 7 and 10 percent of the grant budget to monitoring and evaluation.

Countries will submit their monitoring and evaluation plan at the time of grant signing, and this plan will serve to monitor the national disease or health systems strategy to which the grant is contributing. In general, a monitoring and evaluation plan should be a national plan — i. In cases where the national monitoring and evaluation plan has not been developed in sufficient detail, the Global Fund will request complementary information from the country.

In instances where a country does not have a national monitoring and evaluation plan, we will consider on an exceptional basis a grant-specific monitoring and evaluation plan, based on confirmation that any governmental Principal Recipient will be developing a national plan. The data provided by national monitoring and evaluation systems is critical to informing decision-making on the part of both implementers and funders.

framework for a set of e- government core indicators

The guidelines below provide information on the main elements that contribute to a robust monitoring and evaluation system. The Global Fund uses cookies for anonymized statistics on website use and content performance to help us improve and adapt the website. To learn more about your rights and options, please read our Privacy Statement. Search Close. Back to Home. The Global Fund offers a set of guidance materials on individual elements of the monitoring and evaluation framework, including: Modular Framework Handbook and core set of indicators Monitoring and evaluation plan Modular Framework Handbook and core set of indicators The Global Fund asks implementers to select their program indicators from a core list of indicators created with our partners.

HIV Indicator Guidance Sheet download in English Tuberculosis Indicator Guidance Sheet download in English Malaria Indicator Guidance Sheet download in English Monitoring and evaluation plan A monitoring and evaluation plan sets out how implementers intend to collect, collate, analyze and report on the data resulting from programs.

The monitoring and evaluation plan will contain detailed information on: Indicators Data management Data quality assurance Evaluations Monitoring and evaluation coordination Capacity building for monitoring and evaluation Budget and workplan for monitoring and evaluation. Related Resources. Funding Model. Accept Close.A set of 38 indicators was identified to measure global progress in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.

Home Office Indicators of Integration framework 2019 third edition

The indicators will measure progress in achieving the global targets of the Sendai Framework, and determine global trends in the reduction of risk and losses. Global target A: Substantially reduce global disaster mortality byaiming to lower average perglobal mortality between compared with The scope of disaster in this and subsequent targets is defined in paragraph 15 of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and applies to small-scale and large-scale, frequent and infrequent, sudden and slow-onset disasters caused by natural or man-made hazards, as well as related environmental, technological and biological hazards and risk.

Global target B: Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally byaiming to lower the average global figure perbetween compared with Global target C: Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product GDP by Agriculture is understood to include the crops, livestock, fisheries, apiculture, aquaculture and forest sectors as well as associated facilities and infrastructure.

Direct economic loss to all other damaged or destroyed productive assets attributed to disasters. Productive assets would be disaggregated by economic sector, including services, according to standard international classifications. Countries would report against those economic sectors relevant to their economies. This would be described in the associated metadata. Direct economic loss resulting from damaged or destroyed critical infrastructure attributed to disasters.

The decision regarding those elements of critical infrastructure to be included in the calculation will be left to the Member States and described in the accompanying metadata. Protective infrastructure and green infrastructure should be included where relevant. Global target D: Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by Number of other destroyed or damaged critical infrastructure units and facilities attributed to disasters.

The decision regarding those elements of basic services to be included in the calculation will be left to the Member States and described in the accompanying metadata. Global target E: Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction Percentage of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national strategies.


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