Below are a couple of simple examples to help you gain an understanding of how they work. A new untitled project opens with an empty function inside, but because we are using sample code from Google, you can go ahead and delete all the text in the file.
Before you can run the code, you have to save the script. It basically says that, unless you know the developer us only proceed if you trust them. Double-click it to open it. Now, if you want to get an email notification when the document is created, you can add a few more lines of code to send one to your Google account automatically.
When the document gets created, you receive an email with a link to the file in your Google Drive. Google Apps Script opens in a new tab with an empty script. This time, however, the script is bound to the Sheet from which it opens. After it finishes running, go back to your Sheet and, just like magic, all duplicate entries vanish from your file!
Unfortunately, if your data is inside of a table—like the example above—this script will not resize the table to fit the number of entries in it. Although these are two pretty straightforward examples of how to use Apps Script, the options are almost limitless, and it all depends on what you can dream up with these resources. Comments 0. The Best Tech Newsletter Anywhere. Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, comics, trivia, reviews, and more.
Manifest fields that previously supported G Suite Add-ons still exist, but are now deprecated. See Upgrading your published add-ons for instructions on how to upgrade a Gmail add-on into a G Suite add-on. Overview Explore the API.
Many Google apps, one platform in the cloud. Explore the playlist. Learn about Add-ons. Desktop and mobile add-ons for Gmail You can also build add-ons that extend Gmail on both desktop and mobile.
Since you build Gmail add-ons with a card and widget libraryyou don't need to build separate UIs for desktop and mobile clients. Learn about Gmail Add-ons. April 2, The following has been added to the Spreadsheet service : A new Drawing class has been added to support drawings.
You can now get your drawings with the Sheet. February 28, The following methods have been added to the Spreadsheet service to support the use of theme colors. Many of these methods duplicate the effect of existing color methods, but let you use Color objects instead of stringsvas parameters and return types: The Banding class now has 16 new methods that manipulate color in the banding columns and rows using Color objects.
The BooleanCondition class now has two new methods that retrieve the color of the condition's background and font as Color objects. The ConditionalFormatRuleBuilder class now has seven new methods that set color-based format rules using Color objects. The GradientCondition class now has three new methods that retrieve condition colors as Color objects.
The Range class now has eight new methods that get and set font and background colors using Color objects. The Sheet class now has two new methods that get and set tab colors using Color objects. The Slicer class now has two new methods that get and set the background color of the slicer using Color objects. The TextStyle class now has a TextStyle. February 5, Apps Script now supports the V8 runtime.
Apps Script can interact with Google Docs in two broad ways: any script can create or modify a document if the script's user has appropriate permissions for the document, and a script can also be bound to a document, which gives the script special abilities to alter the user interface or respond when the document is opened.
In either case, it's simple to interact with a Google Doc through Apps Script's Document Serviceas the following example demonstrates. The script above creates a new document in the user's Google Drive, then inserts a paragraph that contains the same text as the document's name, styles that paragraph as a heading, and appends a table based on the values in a two-dimensional array.
The script could just as easily make these changes to an existing document by replacing the call to DocumentApp. For scripts created inside a document container-bounduse DocumentApp.
Most scripts that modify a Google Doc begin with a call to getBodybecause the Body is a master element that contains all other elements except for the HeaderSectionFooterSectionand any Footnotes. However, there are rules about which types of elements can contain other types. Furthermore, the Document Service in Apps Script can only insert certain types of elements. The tree below shows which elements can be contained by a certain type of element. Apps Script is often used to replace text in Google Docs.
Let's say you have a spreadsheet full of client information and you want to generate a personalized Google Doc for each client. This type of operation is often called a mail merge. There are many ways to replace text, but the simplest is the replaceText method shown in the example below.
The first function below adds several lines of placeholder text to a Google Doc; in the real world, you would be more likely to type the placeholders into the document yourself. The second function replaces the placeholders with properties defined in the client object.
Note that both of these functions use the getActiveDocument method, which only applies to scripts created inside a Google Doc; in a stand-alone script, use DocumentApp. You can customize Google Docs by adding menus, dialog boxes, and sidebars. Keep in mind, however, that a script can only interact with the UI for the current instance of an open document, and only if the script is bound to the document. See how to add custom menus and dialogs to your Google Docs.Apps Script is a rapid application development platform that makes it fast and easy to create business applications that integrate with G Suite.
Start Scripting. Tutorials and guides to take you from writing your first script to building your application. From productivity tools to enterprise automation, see what you can build with Google Apps Script.
Complete documentation with everything you need to know as you build with Google Apps Script. Apps Script Skip to content. Start Scripting Home. Build web apps and automate tasks with Google Apps Script Apps Script is a rapid application development platform that makes it fast and easy to create business applications that integrate with G Suite.
Watch an overview of Google Apps Script.
Get Started Tutorials and guides to take you from writing your first script to building your application. Example Scripts From productivity tools to enterprise automation, see what you can build with Google Apps Script.
Developer Reference Complete documentation with everything you need to know as you build with Google Apps Script. Google About Google Privacy Terms.You can edit and style text using text rangeswhich are represented by the TextRange type.
A TextRange represents a segment of text within a shape or within a table cell. Calling getText on a shape or table cell returns a text range that covers the entire text. A text range has two indexes that delimit the segment of text covered by a text range: the start index and end index. You can determine these indexes using the getStartIndex and getEndIndex functions. To read the contents of a text range, use the asString or asRenderedString functions. To retrieve a subrange from within a text range, use the getRange function.
The following script creates a text box on the first slide and sets its text content to "Hello world! It then retrieves a subrange that spans just the "Hello". The text range returned by a shape or table cell will always cover entire text, even if text is inserted and deleted.
Editing and styling text
So the above example produces the following log statements:. This script creates a text box on the first slide and sets its text content to "Hello world! It then deletes characters 6 through 11 "world"and inserts the text "galaxy" at index 6 instead.
The above example produces the following log statement:.App Script Editor Tutorial - Google Sheets - Excel VBA Equivalent - Read & Write to Ranges & Cells
Use the replaceAllText function on presentation or page to perform a global find and replace across the entire presentation or a specific page. The find function on TextRange returns the instances of a string within the range.
It can be used along with setText for performing find-and-replace within a shape or table cell. TextRange provides functions to return useful collections of text entities. Some of these functions include:. Text style determines the rendering of text characters in your presentation, including font, color, and hyperlinking.
The getTextStyle function of a text range provides a TextStyle object used for styling text. The TextStyle object covers the same text as its parent TextRange. The above example first creates a text box on the first slide and sets its content to "Hello ". Then it appends the text "world! The newly appended text is bolded, linked to www. When reading styles, the function returns null if the range has multiple values for the style.
So the above sample produces the following log statements:. There are many other styles that can be applied to text. More details can be found in the TextStyle reference documentation. Paragraph styles apply to entire paragraphs, and include things like text alignment and line spacing. The getParagraphStyle function in TextRange provides a ParagraphStyle object for styling all the paragraphs that overlap the parent text range.
The following example creates a text box on the first slide with four paragraphs, then center aligns the first three paragraphs. Similar to ParagraphStyleListStyle can be used for styling all paragraphs which overlap the parent text range.Google Apps Script lets you do new and cool things with Google Sheets. You can use Apps Script to add custom menusdialogs, and sidebars to Google Sheets.
It also lets you write custom functions for Sheets, as well as integrate Sheets with other Google services like Calendar, Drive, and Gmail.
Most scripts designed for Google Sheets manipulate arrays to interact with the cells, rows, and columns in a spreadsheet.
Suppose you have a list of product names and product numbers that you store in a spreadsheet, as shown in the image below. If you don't remember how to create and run a script, see the 5-minute quickstart guide for Menus and Custom Functions. To store data, such as a new product name and number to the spreadsheet, add the following code to the end of the script.
The above code appends a new row at the bottom of the spreadsheet, with the values specified. If you run this function, you'll see a new row added to the spreadsheet. You can customize Google Sheets by adding custom menus, dialog boxes, and sidebars.
To learn the basics of creating menus, see the guide to menus.
Extending Google Sheets
To learn about customizing the content of a dialog box, see the guide to HTML service. You can also attach a script function to an image or drawing within a spreadsheet; the function will execute when a user clicks on the image or drawing. To learn more, see Images and Drawings in Google Sheets. If you're planning to publish your custom interface as part of an add-onfollow the style guide for consistency with the style and layout of the Google Sheets editor.
This feature can automatically create a Google Form based on data in a spreadsheet.
Extending Google Docs
Apps Script also enables you to use triggerssuch as onFormSubmit to perform a specific action after a user responds to the form. The Range class has methods like setBackground color to access and modify the format of a cell or range of cells. The following example shows how you can set the font style of a range:. Apps Script lets you access existing data-validation rules in Google Sheets or create new rules.Google Apps Script is a cloud based scripting language for extending the functionality of Google Apps and building lightweight cloud-based applications.
It means you use Apps Script to write small programs that extend the standard features of Google Apps. Now, when a student submits their feedback, my script creates a draft email in Gmail ready for me to review.
It includes all the feedback so I can read it within Gmail and respond immediately. With Apps Script, you can do cool stuff like automating repetitive tasks, creating documents, emailing people automatically and connecting your Google Sheets to other services you use. This is called a container-bound script.
In the code window, between the curly braces after the function myFunction syntax, write the following line of code so you have this in your code window:. Google Scripts have robust security protections to reduce risk from unverified apps, so we go through the authorization workflow when we first authorize our own apps. When you hit the run button the black triangle for the first time, you will be prompted to authorize the app to run:. Clicking Continue pops up another window in turn, showing what permissions your app needs to run.
More information can be found in this detailed blog post from Google Developer Expert Martin Hawksey. Every time I want to call this function i. Hence, we name our function helloWorldwith a lowercase h at the start of hello and an uppercase W at the start of World.
In its current form, our program is pretty useless for many reasons, not least because we can only run it from the script editor window and not from our spreadsheet.
This is actually surprisingly easy to do, requiring only a few lines of code. Add the following 6 lines of code into the editor window, above the helloWorld function we created above, as shown here:. If you look back at your spreadsheet tab in the browser now, nothing will have changed. We need to re-open our spreadsheet refresh it or run our onOpen script first, for the menu to show up.
To run onOpen from the editor window, first select the onOpen function as shown in this image:. An alternative way to run Google Scripts from your Sheets is to bind the function to a button in your Sheet.
Another great way to get started with Google Scripts is by using Macros. Macros are small programs in your Google Sheets that you record so that you can re-use them for example applying a standard formatting to a table. They use Apps Script under the hood so are a great way to get started in seeing what you can do. The goal is to be able to have two place-names in our spreadsheet, and type the new function in a new cell to get the distance, as follows:.
Copy the following code into the Apps Script editor window and save. See this post: Saving Data in Google Sheetsfor a step-by-step guide to creating and running this script. Google Apps Script is by no means confined to Sheets only, and is equally applicable in the Google Docs environment. Create a new Google Doc. Insert Symbol. Google will recognize the script is not yet authorized and ask you if you want to continue.
Use the Logger class to output text messages to the log files, to help debug code. The syntax in its most basic form is Logger.
This records the value s of variable s at different steps of your program. My friend Julian, from Measure Schoolinterviewed me in May about my journey into Apps Script and my thoughts on getting started:.